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Library Course Guide for: CATALYST

Citing References

To properly recognize the work of others whether it is a book, article, or image, consistent citing of references is needed. If you write a paper or a blog entry, always cite your source. Paraphrasing of a source must always be cited. Direct quotes must always be cited. Only your own work does not require citation. However, as an author you should expect that your work will be cited.

Citation styles are in the hundreds. Each journal has its own style guide. Societies like the American Physcological Society have their own, highly detailed guide which is used by many citation managment softwares like EndNote and RefWorks.

The preferred citation style for this class is the one used for the journals:

  • Nature the international weekly journal of science formatting guide for references for manuscripts; references in numerical order are located at the end of the document - one for each reference; within the document, references are superscripts.
  • EXAMPLES

    BOOK: Whitehead, H. Analyzing Animal Societies: Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis (University of Chicago Press, 2008).

    TWO AUTHORS JOURNAL: Hertting, G. & Axelrod, J. Fate of tritiated noradrenaline at the sympathetic nerveendings. Nature 192, 172–173 (1961).

    MORE THAN 5 AUTHORS: Klimek, V. et al. Reduced levels of norepinephrine transporters in the locus coeruleus in major depression. J. Neurosci. 17, 8451–8458 (1997).

    ONLINE ONLY JOURNAL:

    • Onnela, J. P., Arbesman, S., Gonzalez, M. C., Barabasi, A. L. & Christakis, N. A. Geographic constraints on social network groups. PLoS ONE 6, e16939 (2011)
    • .

    • Rand, D., Arbesman, S. & Christakis, N. A. Dynamic social networks promote cooperation in experiments with humans. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108, http:// dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1108243108 (2011).

  • Science Reference Style for references for manuscripts; references in numerical order are located at the end of the document - one for each reference; within the document, references are given within parentheses, italicized. EXAMPLES listed.