Liberation Journals Index
Liberation Journals Index


Universal Search

Table of Contents

Author Index

Thematic Index

Genre Index

Using this database


Click on journals for descriptions

Légitime Défense

Paris, France. 1932

Marxist, Surrealist and furious with the conciliatory stance of France’s black bourgeoisie, Légitime Défense appeared directly on the heels of La Revue du Monde Noir . “We rise up here against all those who do not feel suffocated by this capitalist, Christian, bourgeois world to which we regretfully belong,” blasted the group of angry young Parisian Martinicans, which included Etienne Léro and René Ménil. The vitriolic publication never saw its second issue. Even in France—the land of liberté, égalité, fraternité—radicalism could result in various forms of indirect retribution.



A reprint edition of this single-issue periodical was published in 1979 by Jean-Michel Place.



Kesteloot, Lylian. Les Écrivains noirs de langue française: naissance d'une littérature. Bruxelles: Université libre de Bruxelles, 1965.

Dewitte, Philippe. Les Mouvements nègres en France, 1919-1939, L’Harmattan, 1985.

Fabre, Michel. La Rive noire, de Harlem à la Seine, Lieu commun, 1985.

Chevrier, Jacques. La Littérature nègre, Armand Colin, 1984.

Edwards, Brent Hayes. The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2003.